As an admirer of Judith Leiber minaudieres, I was able to purchase "blank minaudiere" stock in New York, when Judith Leiber moved their NY showroom. The purses are metal, made in Italy, just waiting for Swarovski crystals. This small clutch has over 3,500 vintage Aurora Borealis number 12 ss vintage crystals, each crystal glued in place, one at a time, using tweezers. It was a great evening project. Every time I've worn this purse, it has been enjoyed. I still have some Judith Leiber minaudieres, that can be purchased at our Etsy site.